The city of Urbino has a long history and Poggio, the hill where Urbino is located, was inhabited since prehistoric times. In Roman times Urbino has been a fortified city, because of its important strategic position, and was equipped with solid walls. In the December 538, Belisario a Byzantine general, conquered the city. Under the Byzantines, Urbino was included, along with Fossombrone, Iesi, Cagli and Gubbio, in thePentapoli Annonaria. In the 568 underwent a first Lombard invasion that lasted until the end of the century.
In 733 Carlo Magno, who descended into Italy after having destroyed the Lombard kingdom, made famous donation, with which even Urbino was given to the Church. At that time the city was an important bishopric, in fact the creation of the diocese dates back to 313. The news on the local church, however, are fragmentary for several centuries. From 1056 to 1088 the head of the diocese has been commanded by Mainardo, who was a friend of St. Pier Damiani with whom he worked for the reform of the Church and the clergy.
the “Della Rovere”
Federico Maria, grandson of Guidobaldo, began the Lordship of Della Rovere, which will last until 1631 when, with the death of Francesco Maria II, the duchy was donated to the Church. With the end of the Della Rovere Lordship, countless works of art have been moved to Florence and Rome, among other things, was also transferred the famous library of Federico.
In 1155 the Montefeltro, a family of Germanic origin, came in Urbino with the appointment of imperial vicar by Ceest alors le point de depart deun secteur florissant, de leindustrie du meilleur-casino-en-ligne.info , qui genere des lors plus deargent que les autres jeux. the Emperor Federico Barbarossa.In 1213 Buonconte and Taddeo di Montefeltro had the fief of Urbino by by the Emperor Federico II, but because of citizens reactions, they could impose their rule over the city only in the 1234.Buonconte was succeeded by Montefeltrano and Guido il Vecchio, who has been called the most wise and powerful leader of weapons of that age.
To rise up the fortunes of the family was Earl Antonio who obtained the papal investiture in the 1390. His son Guidantonio increased and consolidated the state and brought it to a satisfactory level of prosperity. He had a natural son Federico, who was born in 1422 to an unmarried woman from Gubbio, and one legitimate Guidantonio, who was born in 1426 to the second wife Caterina Colonna. Has been Guidantonio to succeed his father and get the ducal title by Pope Eugenio IV, in the 1443. His tragic death at just 17 years old, as a result of a conspiracy, brought back Federico, with which began the most splendid period of Urbino. In the ducal palace you can see the magnificence of that time, the unique testimony of the extreme level of perfection and greatness achieved.
Federico was succeeded by his son Guidobaldo that even with excellent human qualities, he had serious health problems and he died in 1508 at just 36 years old without children. For the citizens, Guidobaldo has been the model of the perfect gentleman Prince, he left to the city two important institutions that are still his pride, in 1506 it created the Council of Doctors, the first embryo Montefeltro University and a year later founded the SS. Sacramento Musical Chapel.
The peculiarity of Urbino, “center of mathematics and abstract art of the Renaissance”, has been the birthplace of great personalities and talents chief. Here are some names, among others, that have made the city famous throughout the world:
- Raffaello Sanzio (1483-1551), the “divine” artist
- Donato Bramante (1444-1514), the great genius of architecture
- Girolamo Genga (1476c.-1551), famous painter, sculptor and architect
- Federico Barocci (1534-1612), famous painter
- Federico Brandani (1525-1575), famous sculptor
- Timoteo Viti (1469c.-1523) famous painter
- Nicola da Urbino (d. 1538) famous painter
- Comandino Federico (1506-1575) famous mathematician.